2007年12月12日 星期三

AWARD BIOS響鈴聲含義

AWARD BIOS響鈴聲的一般含義是:
1短: 系統正常啟動。這是我們每天都能聽到的,也表明機器沒有任何問題。
2短: 常規錯誤,請進入CMOS Setup,重新設置不正確的選項。
1長1短: RAM或主板出錯。換一條內存試試,若還是不行,只好更換主板。
1長2短: 顯示器或顯示卡錯誤。
1長3短: 鍵盤控制器錯誤。檢查主板。
1長9短: 主板Flash RAM或EPROM錯誤,BIOS損壞。換塊Flash RAM試試。
不斷地響(長聲): 內存條未插緊或損壞。重插內存條,若還是不行,只有更換一條內存。
不停地響: 電源、顯示器未和顯示卡連接好。檢查一下所有的插頭。
重複短響: 電源問題。
無聲音無顯示: 電源問題。


AMI BIOS響鈴聲的一般含義是:
  1. 一短聲,內存刷新失敗。內存損壞比較嚴重,恐怕非得更換內存不可。
  2. 二短聲,內存奇偶校驗錯誤。可以進入CMOS設置,將內存Parity奇偶校驗選項關掉,即設置為Disabled。不過一般來說,內存條有奇偶校驗並且在CMOS設置中打開奇偶校驗,這對微機系統的穩定性是有好處的。
  3. 三短聲,系統基本內存(第1個64Kb)檢查失敗。更換內存吧。
  4. 四短聲,系統時鐘出錯。維修或更換主板。
  5. 五短聲,CPU錯誤。但未必全是CPU本身的錯,也可能是CPU插座或其它什麼地方有問題,如果此CPU在其它主板上正常,則肯定錯誤在於主板。
  6. 六短聲,鍵盤控制器錯誤。如果是鍵盤沒插上,那好辦,插上就行;如果鍵盤連接正常但有錯誤提示,則不妨換一個好的鍵盤試試;否則就是鍵盤控制芯片或相關的部位有問題了。
  7. 七短聲,系統實模式錯誤,不能切換到保護模式。這也屬於主板的錯。
  8. 八短聲,顯存讀/寫錯誤。顯卡上的存貯芯片可能有損壞的。如果存貯片是可插拔的,只要找出壞片並更換就行,否則顯卡需要維修或更換。
  9. 九短聲,ROM BIOS檢驗出錯。換塊同類型的好BIOS試試,如果證明BIOS有問題,你可以採用重寫甚至熱插拔的方法試圖恢復。
  10. 十短聲,寄存器讀/寫錯誤。只能是維修或更換主板。
  11. 十一短聲,高速緩存錯誤。
  12. 如果聽不到beep響鈴聲也看不到屏幕顯示,首先應該檢查一下電源是否接好,在檢修時往往容易疏忽,不接上主板電源就開機測試。其次得看看是不是少插了什麼部件,如CPU、內存條等。再次,拔掉所有的有疑問的插卡,只留顯示卡試試。最後找到主板上清除(clear)CMOS設置的跳線,清除CMOS設置,讓BIOS回到出廠時狀態。如果顯示器或顯示卡以及連線都沒有問題,CPU和內存也沒有問題,經過以上這些步驟後,微機在開機時還是沒有顯示或響鈴聲,那就只能是主板的問題了。


POENIX的BIOS報警聲(以前的老闆上有許多POENIX的,可現在已經被AWARD收購了)
1短 系統啟動正常
1短1短1短 系統加電初始化失敗
1短1短2短 主板錯誤
1短1短3短 CMOS或電池失效
1短1短4短 ROM BIOS校驗錯誤
1短2短1短 系統時鐘錯誤
1短2短2短 DMA初始化失敗
1短2短3短 DMA頁寄存器錯誤
1短3短1短 RAM刷新錯誤
1短3短2短 基本內存錯誤
1短3短3短 基本內存錯誤
1短4短1短 基本內存地址線錯誤
1短4短2短 基本內存校驗錯誤
1短4短3短 EISA時序器錯誤
1短4短4短 EISA NMI口錯誤
2短1短1短 前64K基本內存錯誤
3短1短1短 DMA寄存器錯誤
3短1短2短 主DMA寄存器錯誤
3短1短3短 主中斷處理寄存器錯誤
3短1短4短 從中斷處理寄存器錯誤
3短2短4短 鍵盤控制器錯誤
3短1短3短 主中斷處理寄存器錯誤
3短4短2短 顯示錯誤
3短4短3短 時鐘錯誤
4短2短2短 關機錯誤
4短2短3短 A20門錯誤
4短2短4短 保護模式中斷錯誤
4短3短1短 內存錯誤
4短3短3短 時鐘2錯誤
4短3短4短 時鐘錯誤
4短4短1短 串行口錯誤
4短4短2短 並行口錯誤
4短4短3短 數字協處理器錯誤

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